Tendons, bones, and ligaments all move against one another, especially near joints, in order to achieve some of the most common daily functions. As the body moves, small fluid-filled sacs serve as cushions near the contact points at the joints, these sacs are referred to as bursae. In order to reduce friction, there are over 150 bursae located throughout the body as joint regions. As people strive to achieve their full range of motion, particularly athletes, the bursa may become inflamed, swollen, and irritated, this is called bursitis.
Bursitis is common amongst athletes, especially runners who are applying much friction, stress, and overuse to specific regions of the body. In addition, those with osteoarthritis are vulnerable to bursitis issues. Far too many athletes choose to ignore the symptoms of bursitis in their pursuit of meeting training goals, not missing events, etc. Unfortunately, this often leads to the condition worsening, and in some cases, becoming chronic.
The most common symptoms of bursitis include issues with joints:
- With a red and swollen appearance
- Feel stiff or achy
- The pain increases with movement or pressure
The following are the most common causes of bursitis:
- Leaning on elbows for an extended period of time
- Continually throwing a baseball
- Recurring motion of lifting something overhead
- Extended sitting, especially on hard surfaces
- Continual kneeling
Bursitis is a tricky issue because it affects such a wide range of individuals. While athletes are most certainly vulnerable to bursitis, especially during training, sedentary individuals who must do something physical that they are not used to doing are also at risk. Treatments for bursitis will vary dependent upon the specific case. Most often the patient is treated with medication, therapy, injections, or surgery. Any discomfort in the joints should be monitored and if the above symptoms begin to surface, it is imperative to seek chiropractic care.